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Rolling bearing construction
Most rolling bearings consist of rings with raceway (inner ring and outer ring), rolling elements (either balls or rollers) and cage. The cage separates the rolling elements at regular intervals, holds them in place within the inner and outer raceways, and allows them to rotate freely.

Raceway (inner ring and outer ring) or raceway washer 1) The surface on which rolling elements roll is called the "raceway surface". The load placed on the bearing is supported by this contact surface. Generally the inner ring fits on the axle or shaft and the outer ring on the housing.

Note 1 : The raceway of thrust bearing is called "raceway washer,"
the inner ring is called the "shaft raceway washer" and the
outer ring is called the "housing raceway washer."

Rolling elements Rolling elements classify in two types: balls and rollers. Rollers come in four types: cylindrical, needle, tapered, and spherical.
Balls geometrically contact with the raceway surfaces of the inner and outer rings at "points", while the contact surface of rollers is a "line" contact.
Theoretically, rolling bearings are so constructed as to allow the rolling elements to rotate orbitally while also rotating on their own axes at the same time.

Cages
Cages function to maintain rolling elements at a uniform pitch so load is never applied directly to the cage and to prevent the rolling elements from falling out when handling the bearing. Types of cages differ according to way they are manufactured, and include pressed, machined and formed cages.
Classification of rolling bearings
Rolling bearings divide into two main classifications: ball bearings and roller bearings. Ball bearings are classified according to their bearing ring configurations: deep groove type and angular contact type. Roller bearings on the other hand are classified according to the shape of the rollers: cylindrical, needle, tapered and spherical.

Rolling bearings can be further classified according to the direction in which the load is applied; radial bearings carry radial loads and thrust bearings carry axial loads. Other classification methods include: 1) number of rolling rows (single, double, or 4-row), 2) separable and non-separable, in which either the inner ring or the outer ring can be detached.

There are also bearings designed for special applications, such as: railway car journal roller bearings, ball screw support bearings, turntable bearings, as well as linear motion bearings (linear ball bearings, linear roller bearings and linear flat roller bearings).
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  Technical Support  
 
1. Bearing History
2. Types of Bearings
3. Types of loads
4. FITS
5. Clearance
6. Bearing Tolerance
7. Lubrication
8. Bearing Storage
9. Mounting and Dismounting
10. Bearing Failures
11. Prefix and Suffix Interchange
11. Allowable Speed
   
 
 
 
 
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